Different Blood Test to Perform for Heart Disease

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Your blood might give different indications about the condition of your heart health. Suppose, if you are having higher levels of bad cholesterol in the blood, this can be an indication that you have greater risk of having heart attack. The presence of other substances in the blood may allow your health care provider to know if you have any risk of developing some fatty deposits in the arteries or you have heart failure. So, they recommend a blood test for checking your heart condition.

It is necessary to know that a blood test alone cannot determine the risk of heart disease. The important risk factors for heart disease are diabetes, high pressure, high cholesterol level and smoking.

This blog discusses about some blood tests to diagnose as well as manage heart disease.

Cholesterol test

A cholesterol test or lipid profile or lipid panel calculates the presence of fats in your blood. The measurements can determine the risk of getting a heart attack or other diseases with heart. The test consists of measurements such as:

Total cholesterol

This is the amount of cholesterol content in your blood. Higher level might increase the risk of having heart disease. The total cholesterol level has to be not more than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 5.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). You need to conduct blood test needed to check heart disease.

Low density lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol

This is what you call bad cholesterol. Having lots of LDL cholesterol in your blood may lead to plaque buildup in the arteries which decreases the flow of blood. The deposits of plaque may rupture and cause problems in blood vessels and major heart ailments. The LDL cholesterol level should be less than 130 mg/dL (3.4 mmol/L) and the desirable levels are below 100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L). This should be when you have diabetes or history of heart attack, heart bypass surgery, heart stent, other vascular or heart condition. The LDL level should be less than 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L in people having greater risk of heart attacks.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol

This is what you call good cholesterol as it carries away LDL or bad cholesterol by flowing blood freely and keeping the arteries open. Men need to aim for HDL cholesterol level which should be more than 40 mg/dL (1.0 mmol/L). On the other hand, women may aim for an HDL which is not less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L).

Triglycerides

These are another kind of fat in the blood. Higher triglyceride levels mean you eat more calories than you burn daily. The higher levels may increase the risk of having heart disease. The triglyceride level should not be more than 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L).

Non-HDL cholesterol

The non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol or non-HDL-C is the difference between the total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol. Non-HDL-C consists of cholesterol in lipoprotein particles for hardening your arteries. Besides, non -HDL-C fraction might be a better marker of risk than the total cholesterol or LDL cholesterol.

High sensitivity C-reactive protein

This is a protein your liver makes as a part of the response of infection or injury in the body. It may lead to swelling inside the body or inflammation. In simple words, inflammation has a great role in atherosclerosis and high sensitivity CRP tests may determine risk of heart disease before the symptoms appear. They are related to higher risk of getting cardiovascular disease, stroke or heart attack. Your health care provider can determine if you will benefit from having your hs-CRP measured for better estimation of the risk of heart attack or stroke. The statin medications to lower your cholesterol level can lessen CRP levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Lipoprotein (a)

Lipoprotein (a), or Lp(a), is a kind of LDL cholesterol and your genes can determine Lp(a) level. It is not affected by lifestyle changes. The higher levels of Lp(a) might be an indication of increased risk of heart disease. Your health care provider might order for an Lp(a) test when you have a heart disease or atherosclerosis. Yet, you may seem to have healthy cholesterol levels or if you have a family record of heart disease, stroke or sudden death.

Plasma ceramides

The test can measure the levels of ceramides in your blood. They are produced by the cells and have a major role in the function, growth and death of different kinds of tissue. You may transport ceramides through blood by lipoproteins and they are related to atherosclerosis. There are three specific ceramides which are linked to buildup of plaque in your arteries and insulin resistance causing type 2 diabetes. The higher levels of the ceramides in your blood can be a sign of high risk of cardiovascular disease in one to five years.

Natriuretic peptides

Brain natriuretic peptide or B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a type of protein that the blood vessels and heart make. BNP helps your body to get rid of fluids, moves sodium in your urine and relaxes the blood vessels. When there is some damage to the heart, your body secretes higher levels of BNP into your bloodstream and ease strain on your heart. One important use of BNP is to know whether the shortness of breath may occur because of heart failure. Thus, BNP levels may differ according to your gender, age and weight. People who have heart failure should set up a baseline BNP and future tests may help to measure how well the treatment works. A high level BNP cannot diagnose a heart problem alone and your health care provider will consider risk factors and other blood test results.

Troponin T

Troponin T is a kind of protein present in your heart muscle. Measuring troponin T with a high-sensitivity troponin T test will enable your health care provider to diagnose heart attack and understand the risk of heart disease. Having an increased level of troponin T has relation with higher risk of heart disease in people who do not have any symptoms.

Thus, you may book a private blood test in London and know about your present health condition.


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